Along with the globalized time’s arrival, the industrialization and the modernization of the developing countries in general (particularly Asian country) process acceleration, the energy demand increases largely, then the energy question becomes the world universal attention major issue now.
The energy security relates to a national and even the global survival and development, how will safeguard a national energy security is various countries’ internal affairs diplomatic work key point in the next long time, this point obtained more and more clear manifestation in the US, Japan, India and so on. In order to safeguard the energy security, many countries have got to depend upon the import to satisfy the energy gap resulted from the economic fast development, therefore, it will has some national energy volume of exports also increase day by day, the energy contact will deepen unceasingly, various countries’ government will take seriously, will carry out a series of diplomatic activities unceasingly for it, hence, the energy diplomacy will be exceptionally active in the worldwide scale,“energy diplomacy”time along with it arrival.The shortage of energy restricts India develops.
There is 16% population of the world in India, the domestic oil gas proven reserves do not surpass 0.8% of the world. It is estimated that if cannot discover the new oil field early, the Indian present domestic petroleum proven reserves can only use to 2016. Compares with the oil resource deficient present situation, the Indian petroleum daily average consumption quantity actually amounts to 2,570,000 barrels, but 75% must depend upon the import. The expert believed that the energy gap will enlarge gradually, the foreign level of dependency unceasingly will also deepen along with the economical scale’s expansion.
The energy security has become India the hidden danger of state economy security.China and India are the developing countries, the economy develop fast, structure aspects and so on of energy consumption have the strong commeasurability, specially both countries similarly face the oil gas supply and demand contradictory to be prominent day by day and austere situation to import the crude oil dependence stronger and stronger. 40% petroleum need to import in China, India reaches as high as 75%. According to the International Energy Bureau predict that China will increase to 74% to the petroleum import’s dependence to 2030, India will increase to 91%.
Both countries oil gas import’s degree of dependency is quite high, and originates majority of from the Middle East. Therefore, it is significant to study India’s energy diplomacy for China, through more comprehensive analysis to Indian energy diplomacy, China should unify own characteristic, formulates the more reasonable energy foreign policy to ensure Chinese energy security.This article mainly uses the research technique which induces and compares, the full text divides into four major parts:The first part:
Energy diplomacy starting and Indian energy diplomacy. This part from contradiction this background which produced the world energy need and the supply, to prove energy diplomacy starting, in the energy market competition increasingly fierce time, many primary energy countries of consumption in the world to avoid the disadvantageous disorderly competition, as well as safeguarded the respective energy security, mutual cooperated becomes very active, the energy diplomacy produced gradually.
To guarantee the situation of the economical fast development, India carries out a series of energy diplomatic activities globally. Such as, the Indian government supports Indian Oil enterprises expand to the overseas, construct the peripheral oil gas supply network, diligently promote the international oil gas price to tend the rationalization and so on.The second part: The reason of Indian development energy diplomacy.
This part elaborated India as the world fifth big petroleum country of consumption, expended above the global 3% energy, but Indian oil gas resources serious is insufficient, the oil-gas exploration industry is not booming, the output increased range is not big; India’s energy consumption quantity actually rapidly rises, the energy use speed-up is average level 4 times of the world, the supply and demand gap gradual growth. Meanwhile, the intense degree of the international energy competition strengthens unceasingly.
Is precisely under such background, the Indian energy diplomacy develops gradually.The third part: The characteristic of Indian energy diplomacy. Relative to other energy consuming great nations, Indian energy diplomacy had its own characteristic, namely taking constructed the oil gas pipeline as the key, seeking the energy multiplication, strengthening the international cooperation in the field of energy, strengthening the international cooperation of the civil nuclear power, hoping to play the strong role in the construction of world new energy skeleton.
This had decided overall strategy of Indian energy diplomacy is to the northern requested it omni-directional development with Russian cooperation in the field of energy, sought the Russian oil field exploitment right; To the west did not hesitate cooperate with its past old enemy Pakistan, founded Iran after Pakistan to Indian energy pipeline; To the east holds the Burmese natural gas majority export market, constructs from Burma after Bangladesh to Indian natural air line; In gaining oil gas resources of the adjacent domain foundation, further expands to Africa, Latin America, forms the world scale the supply system of Indian energy.
The fourth part: The evaluation of Indian energy diplomacy. Through system analysis to the Indian energy diplomacy, it is not difficult to see, the Indian energy diplomatic target was clear, guaranteed the energy supplies security, guaranteed the economical sustainable fast development. But Indian energy diplomacy still had some deficiencies, such as, the multiplex energy diplomacy is not balanced, the multilateral energy diplomacy have not been able to launch, to lack an overall energy strategy and so on.
Moreover, energy diplomacy needs to cause India tends the complication of own benefit balance, to a great extent proposed to a higher request to Indian diplomatic strategy, becomes the new trend of Indian foreign policy.Through more comprehensive analysis to Indian energy diplomacy, China should unify own characteristic, formulates the more reasonable energy foreign policy to develop more practical energy diplomacy so that ensuring Chinese energy security. Although India walks behind to China in the energy diplomacy aspect, but India adopts a series of general and specific policies are worth China using for reference in view of the energy diplomacy.
For the better development energy diplomacy, needs to strengthen the Chinese Energy Department’s global administration, establishes the unified energy supervision organization as well as the perfect oil gas resources legal regime construction, the reasonable development and using the resources of the Oil enterprises, sets the petroleum futures market, avoiding international price risk, simultaneously, but should also strengthen multiplex international cooperation.